Health care

What are Mouth Ulcers? What Causes Mouth Ulcers and How Can I Prevent Them?

What are Mouth Ulcers? What Causes Mouth Ulcers and How Can I Prevent Them?

Mouth Ulcers/Canker Sores

Mouth ulcers also referred to as canker sores that are small, painful lesions and are developed in your mouth or at the base of your gums. Mouth ulcers can make eating, drinking, and talking uncomfortable.

People with a family history of mouth ulcers, women, and adolescents are at a higher risk of developing mouth ulcers. Canker sores aren’t contagious and usually fade off within one to two weeks. However, if your canker sore is extremely painful or large, or lasts for a long time without healing, then it is recommended to consult your doctor.

What Can Trigger Mouth Ulcers?

There are no specific reasons or cause behind what triggers a mouth ulcer. However, certain factors can be identified, such as:

  • If your toothpaste and mouth rinses contain ingredients like sodium lauryl sulfate, then there are chances of getting a mouth ulcer.
  • Sometimes, even minor mouth injuries that are caused due to dental work, accidental bites, hard brushing, or sports injury can lead to mouth ulcers.
  • If you are sensitive towards certain acidic foods like citrus, strawberries, pineapples, or other foods like chocolate and coffee, then there are high chances that you can get a mouth ulcer soon.
  • Lack of essential nutrients like iron, folate, zinc, vitamin-B12, can also trigger a mouth ulcer.

 Some other reasons such as:

  • Allergic response to mouth bacteria.
  • Hormonal changes during menstruation.
  • Dental braces.
  • Lack of sleep or emotional stress.
  • Viral, bacterial, or fungal infections can also trigger or lead to canker sores.

Certain serious medical conditions can also lead to mouth ulcers, such as:

  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Celiac disease
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • HIV/AIDs
  • Behcet’s disease – a condition where your body is unable to tolerate gluten. 

Symptoms Associated With Mouth Ulcers

There are three types of mouth ulcer symptoms:

  • Major – Sores are larger and deeper and have irregular edges. Major sores generally take up to six weeks to heal and result in long-term scarring.
  • Minor -These sores are small or oval in size and heal within one to two weeks with no scarring.
  • Herpetiform – These sores are pinpoint in size, and occur in the form of clusters of 10-100. Herpetiform have irregular edges, heal within 1-2 weeks without scarring and often affect adults.

It is recommended to visit your doctor when you develop any of the following:

  • Any new addition of ulcers before the old ones are gone.
  • Large mouth ulcers.
  • If the canker sores are persisting for more than three weeks.
  • If sores are painless.
  • If mouth ulcers are extended up to the lips.
  • If the pain is still uncontrollable even after using over-the-counter medication.
  • Facing severe problems while drinking, eating and talking.
  • If you are getting a high fever or diarrhoea, whenever the canker sores appear. 

What Are Some Ways To Treat Canker Sores?

Mouth ulcers can be painful at times, but they do not need any treatment. There are several ways to decrease the pain and provide the right treatment for mouth ulcers. These include: 

  • Rinse your mouth twice a day with saltwater and baking soda.
  • Place a small quantity of milk of magnesia on the mouth ulcer.
  • Apply ice cubes to the affected area.
  • Use a steroid-based mouth rinse that can reduce pain and swelling.
  • Place wet green tea bags on the canker sores.
  • Use herbal toothpaste like Smyle Herbal Toothpaste. For more information, about the product, go through the link below: 

  • Take any nutritional supplements like zinc, folic acid, vitamin B-6 and vitamin B-12.
  • Try out folk remedies such as echinacea, chamomile tea, myrrh, and licorice root. 

Tips To Prevent Mouth Ulcers

By implementing certain steps you can help reduce the occurrence of mouth ulcers, such as:

  • Stay away from foods that can irritate your mouth such as acidic fruits like pineapple, lemon, grapefruit, orange, as well as nuts, chips or any food that seems spicy. Instead, shift to whole grains and non-acidic or alkaline fruits and vegetables. Make sure that you are having a well-balanced and healthy diet and taking your multivitamins.
  • Don’t talk while chewing your food, as this reduces accidental bites. Reduce your stress levels and maintain good oral hygiene by brushing and using dental floss daily after meals. It is also recommended to get adequate rest and sleep. This way you not only prevent mouth ulcers but also welcome a host of other illnesses as well. 


So whatever is your dental issue, contact your dentist immediately. If you want to treat your mouth ulcers naturally, then try Smyle Ayurvedic Mouth Ulcer Gel. Benefits of using Smyle gel are:

  • Packed with 9 powerful ayurvedic herbs – Tulsi, Pudina, Adulsa, Ginger, Haldi, Karpoor, Pimpli, Yashtimadhu, & Navsagar.
  • This gel provides complete protection and heals your mouth ulcer most naturally and efficiently.
  • This gel is considered safe for the entire family, including kids and pregnant women. 

So, why wait? Try it right away!