Oral Care

Different Types of Mouth Ulcer. What are Its Causes and How To Treat Them?

Different Types of Mouth Ulcer

Canker sores or mouth ulcers, are usually small and painful lesions that are developed in your mouth or present at the base of your gums. Mouth ulcers can make it difficult and uncomfortable for you when you are eating, drinking and talking.

Women, kids and old aged people with a family history of canker sores are more prone to develop mouth ulcers. They aren’t contagious and may go away within a week or two. However, if you get a mouth ulcer that is large or very painful, or if it lasts for more than two weeks, then you should seek the advice of your healthcare provider or dentist. 

What Can Trigger a Mouth Ulcer?

There is no specific reason behind the mouth ulcer causes. However, certain factors can be identified, such as:

  • Toothpaste and mouth rinses containing ingredients like sodium lauryl sulfate.
  • Any minor mouth injury caused due to dental work, accidental bite, hard brushing, or sports injury.
  • Sensitivity towards acidic foods like citrus, strawberries, pineapples, or other foods like chocolate and coffee.
  • Due to lack of essential nutrients like iron, folate, zinc, vitamin-B12.
  • Any allergic response to mouth bacteria.
  • Hormonal changes during menstruation.
  • Dental braces.
  • Lack of sleep or emotional stress.
  • Viral, bacterial, or fungal infections.

Mouth ulcers can also be caused due to a sign of conditions that can be serious and may require medical treatment, such as:

  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Celiac disease
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • HIV/AIDs
  • Behcet’s disease – a condition where your body is unable to tolerate gluten 

Symptoms Associated With Mouth Ulcers

There are three types of mouth ulcer symptoms:

  • Major – These sores are larger and deeper in comparison to minor sores. Major sores have irregular edges and can generally take up to six weeks to heal. These canker sores result in long-term scarring.
  • Minor -These sores are small or oval sores that heal within one to two weeks and with no scarring.
  • Herpetiform – These are pinpoint size sores, which occur in clusters of 10-100. These sores have irregular edges, and often affect adults. They often heal within one-two week, without scarring.

It is recommended to visit your doctor when you develop any of the following:

  • Any new addition of ulcers before the old ones heal.
  • Largemouth ulcers.
  • If the sores are persisting more than three weeks.
  • If your sores are painless.
  • Mouth ulcers that may extend up to the lips.
  • If pain cannot be controlled using over-the-counter medication.
  • Facing severe problems while drinking and eating.
  • Whenever the canker sores appear, you will get a high fever or diarrhoea. 

How To Diagnose Mouth Ulcers?

Through a visual exam, your healthcare provider will be able to diagnose mouth ulcers. If you are having severe and frequent mouth ulcers, then your dentist may recommend other tests to verify other medical conditions.

What Are Some Ways To Treat Mouth Ulcers?

Mouth ulcers can be painful but do not need any treatment. There are several ways to decrease the pain and provide right treatment for mouth ulcers. These include: 

  • Rinsing with salt water and baking soda.
  • Placing a small quantity of milk of magnesia on the mouth ulcer.
  • Applying ice cubes to canker sores.
  • Using a steroid-based mouth rinse to reduce pain and swelling.
  • Placing wet tea bags on the canker sores.
  • Using topical pastes.
  • Taking any nutritional supplements like zinc, folic acid, vitamin B-6 and vitamin B-12.
  • Trying natural or folk remedies such as echinacea, chamomile tea, myrrh, and licorice root. 

Tips To Prevent Mouth Ulcers

  • Certain steps can be implemented to reduce the occurrence of mouth ulcers. Stay away from foods that can irritate your mouth such as acidic fruits like pineapple, lemon, grapefruit, orange, as well as nuts, chips or any food that seems spicy.
  • Instead, shift to whole grains and non-acidic or alkaline fruits and vegetables. Make sure that you are having a well-balanced and healthy diet and taking your multivitamins.
  • Don’t talk while chewing your food, as this reduces accidental bites. Reduce your stress levels and maintain good oral hygiene by brushing and using dental floss daily after meals. It is also very recommended to get adequate rest and sleep. This way you not only prevent mouth ulcers but also welcomes a host of other illnesses as well. 


So whatever is your dental issue, contact your dentist immediately. If you want to treat your mouth ulcers naturally, then try Smyle Ayurvedic Mouth Ulcer Gel. Benefits of using Smyle gel are:

  • Packed with 9 powerful ayurvedic herbs – Tulsi, Pudina, Adulsa, Ginger, Haldi, Karpoor, Pimpli, Yashtimadhu, & Navsagar.
  • This gel provides complete protection and heals your mouth ulcer most naturally and efficiently.
  • This gel is considered safe for the entire family, including kids and pregnant women. 

So, why wait? Try it right away!